Residential location and travel in Hangzhou metropolitan area
All authors:
Naess, P.
Country: China
Publication year: 2007
Published in:
VREF, Smaller Project 2004-36
Research theme: Mobility and Access
spatial planning, modal choice, residential location, Hangzhou
Final Report
The theme of this report is how spatial planning in urban areas can be used to influence the amount of travel and the proportions carried out by different modes of conveyance. The report is based on a pioneering study of residential location and travel in an affluent Chinese urban region, viz. the Hangzhou Metropolitan Area in the province of Zhejiang. A quantitative travel survey approach has been combined with qualitative interviews in order to identify the more detailed mechanisms through which urban structure affects travel behavior. Rationales for activity participation, location of activities, modal choice and route choice make up important links in these mechanisms. The statistical analyses include a broad range of urban structural, socioeconomic and attitudinal variables. Differences between population groups in the way urban structure affects travel behavior have also been investigated. The Hangzhou Metropolitan Area study shows that residential location affects travel behavior, also when taking into consideration socioeconomic and attitudinal differences among the inhabitants.
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VREF invites applications for research grants to support
projects to be implemented 2022 under the programme for “Mobility & Access in African Cities”.

Deadline: 15 September 2021

MOBILITY GRANT 2021- MAC-MG 2021PDF (pdf, 443.4 kB)

The VREF invites PhD students and advanced master students from Sub-Saharan African (SSA) universities to apply for a Mobility Grant (MG) to support a visit to another SSA university with up to SEK 25 000.


The VREF invites PhD students and researchers in early stages of their career to apply for a Study Visit Grant to be supported with up to SEK 30 000.

CALL FOR NOMINATION FOR the Håkan Frisinger Award for Excellence in Transportation Research

The VREF invites universities located in Sweden to nominate candidates for The Håkan Frisinger Award (Håkan Frisingers pris till framstående transportforskare) and apply for a VREF Visiting Researcher Grant for the nominated candidate.

Closed on 2021-03-03.

Read more...PDF (pdf, 233.6 kB)

Lee Schipper Memorial Scholarships for Sustainable Transport and Energy Efficiency targets supporting the momentum of Lee Schipper’s contribution to the international policy dialogue in these fields.

This yearly award is aimed at supporting young individual researchers and students in is pursuance.

Call deadline: March 1, 2021 .


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Global Mobility Research

This Meeting of the Minds' blog monthly releases interviews of global transportation researchers from the VREF's Future Urban Transport Program Network.


This CityFix series, produced by the WRI (World Ressources Institute) Ross Center for Sustainable Cities and supported by the VREF, discusses walking and cycling in cities with a special focus on low- and middle-income countries.

About VREF

The Volvo Research and Educational Foundations (VREF) inspires, initiates and supports research and educational activities through the Future Urban Transport Programme - How to deal with the complexity of urban transport (FUT). 

Our Vision: Sustainable transport for equitable access in urban areas


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