Motivations for Self-Regulation: the Clean Air Action Plan
All authors:
Genevieve Giuliano, Alison Linder
Host organisation:
CoE Southern California U, USA
Country: United States of America
Publication year: 2013
Published in:
Giuliano, G. and A. Linder (2013) “Motivations for Self-Regulation: the Clean Air Action Plan, Energy Policy, 59, August 2013, 513-522.
Research theme: Change Processes and Institutional Innovation, Environment and Climate Change, Urban Freight
Self-regulation, Clean Air
Research article
In the fall of 2006 the Ports of Long Beach and Los Angeles announced the Clean Air Action Plan (CAAP). Its intent was to greatly accelerate emissions reductions from port activities. The CAAP was unprecedented in several ways: it was a voluntary agreement between two competing ports; it was achieved with the cooperation of local, state and federal agencies; it promised large particulate emissions reductions along with continued port growth, and it had a price tag of $2.1 billion. What explains the Ports´ decision to implement the CAAP? We conduct a case study to explore alternative explanations for the CAAP. Using data from interviews, media, and the history of events leading up to the CAAP, we find that the CAAP was a strategic response to social and political pressures that had built up over the previous decade. Its intent was to respond to local concerns and reduce opposition to port growth. The CAAP represents an example of the potential of voluntary efforts to solve environmental problems..
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