Land, urban form and ecological footprint of transport: application of geo-information to measure transport related urban sustainability in developing countries with a case study of Ahmedabad, India
Author(s): Zuidgeest, Mark
All authors:
Mark ZUIDGEEST, Mark BRUSSEL, Talat MUNSHI
Host organisation:
Smaller Projects Abstracts
Country: China
Publication year: 2006
Published in:
2009
Research theme: Environment and Climate Change, Mobility and Access, Walking and Cycling
Keywords:
Transport and development, Transport and environment, incl. climate change, Non-motorized transport (NMT), Geo‐information systems for Transport (GIS-T), Land – use Transport Integration, incl. Urban form
Type:
Final Report
Summary:
Also in collaboration with:
Geetam TIWARI and Anvita ARORA, VREF-CoE, IIT DELHI — TRIPP, DELHI, INDIA

With the current pace of social and economic development of cities in rapidly developing countries such as India and the resulting growth of the urban population, sustainable urban transport has become a major concern. This growing concern for sustainable transport highlights the need for consistent information to support informed policy and decision making in this sector. Most issues of sustainable transport are related to a better understanding of people´s travel patterns, which are highly influenced by urban form elements and socio‐economic attributes. The research undertaken in the VREF Smaller Project defines urban form indicators and addresses how important indicators can be derived and quantified using spatial analysis techniques and remotely sensed imagery. The research culminates in the quantification of a Transport Ecological Footprint (TEF), an easy‐to‐understand measure to communicate the impacts of the transport system on the environment.
Urban form and urban land use information are intrinsically linked to travel patterns (Stead & Marshall 2001; Snellen 2001; Badoe and Miller 2000, Song and Knaap 2004) and consequently to the transport ecological footprint. The relationship between transport, land use and urban form is complicated by the fact that a change in any one of these aspects will also result in changes in the other two (Cao et al. 1998). Therefore a better understanding of the three‐way dynamics between the level of land supply, urban form and travel demand would be helpful to decision‐makers. Important urban form elements in this research are distance of residence from the urban centre, settlement size, mixing of land uses, compactness, provision of local facilities, density of development, proximity to transport networks, availability of residential parking, road network type, neighbourhood type and population distribution (based on income). These can all be considered as important proxies for travel pattern characteristics like the number of trips people make, average trip length, mode choice etc. A number of these indicators have been developed using remote sensing (RS) and geographical information systems (GIS) for the city of Ahmedabad in India. The extraction of urban form and land use information in developing indicators to support urban transport analysis using RS and GIS has received considerable attention recently (Zhang & Guindon 2006; Guindon & Zhang 2006; Song & Knaap 2004; Torrens & Alberti 2000). Remotely sensed imagery provides a global information resource that, when compared to traditional methods of data collection, has the ability to provide data of an entire area, including areas that are difficult to access, at a greater data acquisition frequency, reusable for different projects and in a cost efficient way (Jensen, 2000). With the arrival of high resolution satellite imagery, new imaging technology and image analysis techniques, new opportunities for more detailed mapping and analysis of the urban area have come up. At the same time, the transport planning community is increasingly showing interest in topics related to urban remote sensing research.

December 2018
Upcoming Events
Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
v48            1 2
v49  3 4 5 6 7 8 9
v50  10 11 12 13 14 15 16
v51  17 18 19 20 21 22 23
v52  24 25 26 27 28 29 30
v1  31            

The VREF invites PhD students and early stage researchers to apply for a Study Visit Grant to be supported with up to SEK 30 000.

The invitation is open until 181031.

Blog! Blog! Blog!

Global Mobility Research

This Meeting of the Minds' blog monthly releases interviews of global transportation researchers from the VREF's Future Urban Transport Program Network.

TheCityFix

This CityFix series, produced by the WRI (World Ressources Institute) Ross Center for Sustainable Cities and supported by the VREF, discusses walking and cycling in cities with a special focus on low- and middle-income countries.

Each year the Håkan Frisinger Foundation for Transportation Research awards a scholarship to a prominent researcher.

Read more...

About VREF

The Volvo Research and Educational Foundations (VREF) inspires, initiates and supports research and educational activities through the Future Urban Transport Programme - How to deal with the complexity of urban transport (FUT). 

Our Vision: Sustainable transport for equitable access in urban areas

Read more

© Copyright VREF
2018