Annual report on sustainable transport development in China

Author(s): Jiang, Yulin
All authors:
CoE Beijing, P.R. China
Host organisation: CoE Beijing, P. R. China
Country: China
Publication year: 2007
Published in:
2007
Research theme: Change Processes and Institutional Innovation, Policy and Planning
Keywords:
institutional reform, financing, evaluation, benchmarkning, public transport priority
Type:
Report
Summary:
Having enjoyed rapid economic growth, many countries now face serious challenges associated with this growth.First among them, China has already experienced unpredecented rates of urbanization and motorization. By 2020, the proportion of Chinese living in cities will increase to 55 percent of the total population, and the vehicle population is expected to reach 100 million or more. The serious issues associated with rapid growth include urban congestion, air quality deterioriation, weakening energy security and greenhouse gas emissions. Towards policy development, China has realized the first two goals in the three-step Development Strategy of Modernization. The clear target to become a modern sector has been set up by the Ministry of Transport recently. Sustainability must be incorporated into policy decisions at every level of the government to strengthen sustainable development in urban transport in China as well. China Urban Sustainable Transport Research Centre , China Academy of Transportation Sciences, carried out a special research regarding sustainabel transport funded by the Volvo Researtch and Educational Foundations. The first element of this research develops knowledge regarding the status, role and development process of the city within the larger economic and social development process in China. Specific research areas included: Institutional reform, Financing, Evaluation & benchmarking and Public Transport Priority. The research provides decision support for governments and transportation policymakers for the planning of sustainable urban transport. The full report was first published and distributed to Chinese policymakers in the Fall of 2007. The English version is abridged. Additional research results may be obtained in the original Chinese report.
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