Photo: Infestation

The School of Law, University of Nairobi, Kenya

Exploring the Potential of Minibus Electrification in Three African Cities

EP-2019-MAC-04, Edna Odhiambo, Lecturer

 

Abstract

In African cities the majority of people use minibus systems as their main mode of motorized transit. Minibuses are essential for mobility and access and are the core of public transit systems. There is, nonetheless, a need to support minibus businesses and upgrade their services to respond more effectively to equity, public health and climate concerns. Improving minibus services can help retain transit users and de-incentivize ownership and reliance on private cars. However, minibuses are often themselves second-hand and poorly maintained, use dirty fuels, and also contribute to a growing and serious air pollution problem in the local environment (Prozzi, Naude and Sperling 2002). The air pollution problem disproportionately impacts workers in the sector, the walking poor and transit passengers, constituting a major, under-addressed social and environmental justice problem (Ngo et al. 2015).

Most approaches to addressing this problem involve either a focus on cleaner fuels, or replacement of minibus systems by bigger, cleaner buses. This project explores whether minibus electrification is an additional viable policy option. We will conduct a comparative study of existing transport electrification policy, regulation and pilots in Nairobi, Cape Town and Cairo. The study will draw on mixed methods including systematic reviews of policy and regulatory environments, and case studies of minibus electrification efforts including Opi-Bus in Nairobi, a planned minibus electrification pilot project in Cape Town and Revolta’s electric charging network roll-out as well as APTA and Mwasalat Misr’s EBus operations trials in Cairo. We will conduct focus group discussions with operators and drivers, as well as interviews with policy makers and private sector actors in both electric vehicle-producing companies and green finance houses. Finally, we will create a very basic cost/benefit model for minibus electrification.


Edna Odhiambo is a climate change lawyer with a decade of experience in securing sustainability. She has contributed to mainstreaming climate change in several policy and regulatory frameworks including transport, energy, finance, agriculture, and planning.

She has several publications with her most recent examining multi-level governance on active mobility in Nairobi. Her love for public speaking has seen her deliver numerous presentations on climate governance and sustainable cities.

She lectures at the University of Nairobi, School of Law and also serves as the Country Lead, Kenya for the Climate & Development Knowledge Network (CDKN).

October 2020
Upcoming Events
Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su
v40        1 2 3 4
v41  5 6 7 8 9 10 11
v42  12 13 14 15 16 17 18
v43  19 20 21 22 23 24 25
v44  26 27 28 29 30 31  

2nd CALL FOR PROJECTS WITHIN THE MAC-PROGRAM

The VREF invites Sub-Saharan based researchers with expertise on sustainable and equitable
mobility and access or related areas, and strong interest in carrying out interdisciplinary research. Open for application until 2020-09-29

MOBILITY GRANT 2020 - MAC-MG 2020

The VREF invites PhD students and advanced master students from Sub-Saharan African (SSA) universities to apply for a Mobility Grant (MG) to support a visit to another SSA university with up to SEK 25 000.

 STUDY VISIT GRANT 2020

The VREF invites PhD students and researchers in early stages of their career to apply for a Study Visit Grant to be supported with up to SEK 30 000.

Each year the Håkan Frisinger Foundation for Transportation Research awards a scholarship to a prominent researcher.

Read more...

Lee Schipper Memorial Scholarships for Sustainable Transport and Energy Efficiency targets supporting the momentum of Lee Schipper’s contribution to the international policy dialogue in these fields.

This yearly award is aimed at supporting young individual researchers and students in is pursuance.

Call extended to April 30, 2020 due to COVID19.

Read more...

Blog! Blog! Blog!

Global Mobility Research

This Meeting of the Minds' blog monthly releases interviews of global transportation researchers from the VREF's Future Urban Transport Program Network.

TheCityFix

This CityFix series, produced by the WRI (World Ressources Institute) Ross Center for Sustainable Cities and supported by the VREF, discusses walking and cycling in cities with a special focus on low- and middle-income countries.

About VREF

The Volvo Research and Educational Foundations (VREF) inspires, initiates and supports research and educational activities through the Future Urban Transport Programme - How to deal with the complexity of urban transport (FUT). 

Our Vision: Sustainable transport for equitable access in urban areas

Read more

© Copyright VREF
2020